Doc. 7: An open letter from Polish teachers

An open letter from Polish teachers about the manipulation of recent Polish history (3 August 2016)

Doc. 6: Jewish group calls on Polish minister to apologize

Newspaper article: Jewish group calls on Polish minister to apologize over pogrom remarks

Doc. 5: Holocaust scholar interrogated by police

Newspaper article: Holocaust scholar who said Poles killed Jews grilled by police 

Doc. 4: President Kwasniewski's speech at the Jedwabne Ceremony

10 July 2001, Jedwabne, Poland
Mr. Aleksander Kwasniewski

Doc. 3: Remembering Jedwabne

"During my tour of Poland in

Doc. 2: Testimonies of eyewitnesses

Portrait of Rabbi Julius Baker"The J

Part I / Doc. 1: Poland - the massacre of Jedwabne

Worum geht es: 

On July 10, 1941 about 90 Polish inhabitants murdered presumably 400 of their Jewish neighbours in Jedwabne in eastern Poland by burning them alive in a barn. A memorial to the victims was set up there 60 years after the massacre.

Case study 8: Politics of Memory in Poland, Italy and Spain

The aim of the material available here is to demonstrate how the specific cases presented combine a mixture of historic facts and historic research, the use of historic events in current political affairs, and the developments of appropriate forms of commemoration in different societies over the last decades.

Worum geht es: 

As the material shows, the different examples are interpreted within their national contexts and these interpretations and significances have changed over the last years. The reasons for these changes are various, and the differentiation between new historical research findings, political interests and the establishment of appropriate forms of remembrance is not always easy. The examples also hint at the difficulties of „constructing“ a European culture of remembrance around a certain “set” of historical events or persons, given the fact that the different narratives vary.

  • Dealing with three European cases of remembrance and their reinterpretation throughout the decades

  • Learning about different narrative modes that are used in order to approach the past

  • Discussing the current forms of memory and prevailing narratives in Italy, Spain and Poland, and the mixture of facts, myths and legends

  • Differentiating between the historic facts, appropriate forms of commemoration, and the connection between the past and current affairs.

  • Tracing the difficult struggle for transitional justice and truth

  1. Compare the different cases. How did the politics of memory change in the three countries? What are the reasons?

  2. Are you aware of a similar change of the historical narrative in the country you come from?

  3. When you think about European history of the 20th century, which key events, in your opinion, should never be forgotten?

  4. Do you believe that a common European memory of the 20th century is desirable and possible?

Doc. 13: The Refugee Convention (1951)

The Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees (1951) protects the rights of people who are forced to flee their home country for fear of persecution on specific grounds.

Worum geht es: 

The 1951 Refugee Convention, signed by 144 States, defines the term 'refugee' and outlines the rights of the displaced people.

Doc. 12: Perspective of Nazi Germany

 Extract from a speech of Hitler, 30 January 1939

Worum geht es: 

Please find extracts from two newspaper articles, a report of the German Security Service and from a Hitler speech in the download section.

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