Online Module: The Holocaust and Fundamental Rights

Doc. 2: Forced migration of Jewish refugees

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Content-Author: Nadja

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This chapter shows the numbers of Jewish people who were forced to leave Greater Germany. Please find the entire document in the download section.

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  • Martin Gilbert, The Dent Atlas of the Holocaust, p.23. 

  • Monika Richarz, Jüdisches Leben in Deutschland, 3. Bd., p. 53.

  • Juliane Wetzel, Auswanderung aus Deutschland, in: Benz (Hg.), Die Juden in Deutschland 1933–1945, pp. 413–498.

According to the official census of June 1933, the number of "religious" Jews was 505,000; at the beginning of 1933 the figure is estimated to be 522,000 Jews in Germany.

Following the "Reichsvertretung der Juden in Deutschland" and the “"sraelische Kultusgemeinde", it is estimated that during the first half of 1938 about 350,000 Jews still lived in Germany. In Austria there were about 200,000 Jews at the time of the "Anschluss"in March 1938; together with the figure of the remaining Jews in the German Reich (Altreich) 550,000 Jews.

Before 1938, about 20,000 to 24,000 people per year had left Germany involuntarily; in 1938 there were 100,000 persons, amongst them 60,000 from Austria. 80 percent of these refugees were Jewish. 


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