Online Module: The Holocaust and Fundamental Rights

Chapter 7: The enforced conformity of the civil service and the ban on the trade unions

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Content-Author: Nadja

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One of the Nazis' goals was to make made sure that all members of the civil service would execute their policy-measures without hesitation. On 7 April 1933 they issued the Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service.

§ 4 of this law stated:

“Civil servants whose former political activity affords no guarantee that they will act in the interest of the national state at all times and without reservation can be dismissed from service.”

According to § 3 “Civil servants of non-Aryan descent” were to be retired. Thus, this law not only deprived political opponents of their rights and intimidated potential critics, but abolished equality before the law in order to implement the racist antisemitic policy of the regime.

Chapter 8


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